The Arakan Campaign

The Arakan attack was the deadliest attack in the history of the Second World War. The British and allies made three consecutive offenses in the attempt to recapture Arakan; 1942-1943, 1943-1944, and 1944-1945. Precisely, the Arakan campaign was also known as the Arakan Battle.

In the 1942 attack, the Japanese proceeded constant attacks on the British and the British Indian Army until they receded them to far Eastern India. The British Forces faced many challenges that led to their failure to recapture the Arakan.

The Arakan Campaign

The major stumbling blocks were the unfavorable gradient of the land; they faced a harsh terrain, no civil government, industry, and transport in India could facilitate a seamless operation.  India had no prior arrangement to help in the Arakan Campaign.

On the other hand, the Japanese placed themselves in more strategic locations and had the machinery to navigate through the terrain and launch attacks on the British army. The British retreated with many refugees mainly the Indian and the Anglo Burmese.

While in Eastern India, the British re-organized troops to make other offenses on the Arakan. Besides, they made projected measures to counter the imminent attacks from the Japanese especially after the Monsoon rains that had made many roads impassable.

Subsequent failures by the British army were highly attributed to the inadequate training of troops, famine, and poor health. In fact, Lit. Gen. Noel Irwin was sent back to Britain and his position taken by Army Gen, George Giffard, who tried to restore the morale of the army. In essence, many changes took place that necessitated victory in the following years.


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